The Democracy Act
September 17, 2002
ANTHE CITIZENS LEGISLATIVE PROCEDURES ACT
An Act establishing legislative procedures and an administrative agency to permit administer the legislative procedures on behalf of the citizens of the United States to so they can deliberatively exercise their legislative power; powers; and adding to the Federal Code.
Be It Enacted By The People Citizens Of The United States:
This act shall be known and may be cited as the Democracy Citizens Legislative Procedures Act.
We, the People of the United States, inherently possess the sovereign authority and power to govern ourselves. We asserted this power in our Declaration of Independence and in the ratification of our Constitution. We, the People, choose now to participate as lawmakers in our local, state and national governments. all government jurisdictions.
THEREFORE, We, the People, sanction the election conducted by the nonprofit corporation Philadelphia II enabling our empowerment as lawmakers.
We, us to enact this fundamental law: the People, shall National Citizens Initiative for Democracy, permitting us to exercise our legislative powers by initiative initiative, concurrently with the legislative powers we delegated delegate to our elected representatives. representatives in all government jurisdictions.
AND THEREFORE, We, the People, enact this Democracy Citizens Legislative Procedures Act, establishing a "Legislature of the People." People" and providing for its legislative procedures and their administration by a Citizens Trust on our behalf.
The United States Electoral Citizens Trust (hereinafter "Electoral Trust") "Trust") shall qualify initiatives chronologically and shall conduct the entire initiative process chronologically. The Electoral Trust shall take advantage of contemporary technology in implementing these procedures. procedures so as to facilitate as much as possible the citizen’s legislative role. The essential elements of the initiative process include, but are not limited to, the following:
Only citizens of the United States who are natural persons registered to vote may introduce and sponsor an initiative. The Sponsor shall be identified on the initiative, on any petition, and on any qualifying poll.
An initiative shall comprise a Title, a Summary, a Preamble that states the reasons for, subject and explains why, purposes for the initiative is proposed, initiative, and the complete text of the initiative.
An initiative shall pertain to a matter matters of public policy relevant to the government jurisdiction to which it is applicable. The Sponsor shall determine the initial wording of the initiative. The Title and Summary shall be subject to the approval of the Electoral Trust.
An initiative shall address only one subject only, but may include related or mutually dependent parts.
An initiative shall contain no more than five thousand words, exclusive of the Title, Preamble, Summary, References, Definitions, references, definitions and language that quotes existing law.
Following approval of the Title and Summary by the Electoral Trust, an initiative may qualify for election in the relevant government jurisdiction by any one of the following methods:
An initiative shall qualify for election if it is the subject of a petition signed manually or electronically by a number of registered voters, to be specified by the Electoral Trust, within the relevant government jurisdiction. The time period allotted to gather qualifying petition signatures shall be at least one year and not more than two years, beginning on the date the first signature is collected.
Public Opinion Poll of Citizens.
An initiative shall qualify for election if when the subject matter described in the title and summary is approved by a majority of respondents in a public opinion poll. To qualify by this method, the polling plan, plan including the number of respondents, the methodology and the entity that will conduct the poll, shall be approved by the Electoral Trust.
An initiative shall qualify for election election, if a resolution, the wording of which is identical to the initiative as submitted by its sponsor, sponsors is passed by a simple majority in the legislative body of the relevant jurisdiction; except that, if the government jurisdiction.
Once an initiative proposes to create or alter a constitution or charter, such resolution must pass is qualified, the title, summary, preamble, text and the identity of its sponsors shall be published on an Internet website and in various mediums of communication. Additional information: the Hearing Record; the Deliberative Committee report; the result of the Legislative Advisory Vote; statements prepared by the Sponsor, other proponents and opponents; and a two-thirds majority. balanced analysis prepared by the Trust of the pros and cons of the initiative, including its costs and benefits and societal, environmental, and economic implications, shall be added to the publication of this initiative as this information becomes available.
After an initiative qualifies for election, the Electoral Trust shall appoint a Hearing Officer to conduct a public hearing on the initiative. hearing. Representatives of the initiative’s Sponsor and representatives of the legislative body of the relevant government jurisdiction shall participate in the hearing in accordance with policies and procedures established by the Electoral Trust. Testimony on the initiative by citizens, proponents, opponents, and experts shall be solicited and their testimony shall be published as the Hearing Record.
After the public hearing on each initiative, the Electoral Trust shall convene a Deliberative Committee demographically representing the government jurisdiction to review that each initiative. The Deliberative Committee shall consist of citizens selected be drawn at random from the voter registration rolls a pool of the relevant jurisdiction citizens previously developed and maintained by the Electoral Trust. Members Each member of the Deliberative Committee shall be fairly compensated for time spent and expenses incurred in performance of Committee duties. The Electoral Trust shall provide technical support and such additional resources as are necessary for the effective discharge of the Committee’s duties. The Deliberative Committee shall review the Hearing Record, secure expert advice, deliberate the merits of the initiative, and prepare a written report of its deliberations and recommendations. By two-thirds vote, the Deliberative Committee may alter the Title, Summary, Preamble or text of the initiative, provided that the changes are consistent with the stated purpose purposes of the initiative.
Legislative Advisory Vote.
Each initiative, together with its Hearing Record and report of the Deliberative Committee, shall be transmitted to the legislative body of the relevant government jurisdiction. The legislative body shall conduct a public vote of its members, recording the yeas and nays on the initiative, within 90 days after receipt thereof. The vote of the legislative body is non-binding, serving only as an advisory to the citizens.
Any communication, regardless of the medium through which conveyed, that promotes or opposes an initiative shall conspicuously identify the person(s) responsible for that communication, in a manner specified by the Electoral Trust.
Only United States citizens may contribute funds, services or property in support of or in opposition to an initiative. Contributions from corporations including, but not limited to, such incorporated entities as industry groups, labor unions, political parties, political action committees, organized religions religious bodies and associations, associations are specifically prohibited. Such entities are also prohibited from coercing or inducing employees, clients, customers, members, or any other associated persons to support or oppose an initiative. Violation of these prohibitions is a felony punishable by not more than one year in prison, or a fine not to exceed One Hundred Thousand Dollars, or both, per instance, applied to each person found guilty of the violation.
The Electoral Trust shall establish financial reporting requirements applicable to initiative sponsors, proponents and opponents, with monetary thresholds appropriate to the affected government jurisdiction. opponents. The Electoral Trust shall make all financial reports available to the public immediately upon its receipt thereof. Failure of sponsors, proponents or opponents to comply with these reporting requirements shall be a felony punishable by not more than one year in prison or a fine not to exceed One Hundred Thousand Dollars, or both, per instance, applied to each person found guilty of the violation.
Upon completion of the Legislative Advisory Vote, or 90 days after the initiative has been delivered to the legislative body of the relevant government jurisdiction, whichever occurs first, the Electoral Trust shall publish a schedule for the election of the initiative and shall conduct an election in accordance with the published schedule.
An initiative that creates or The Trust shall conduct all initiative elections employing the most effective technology and need not be bound to confining an election to a single day. The Trust may expand an election to twenty four hours a day for seven days. The Trust shall make voting on initiatives as convenient as possible for citizens.
An initiative that creates or modifies a constitution or charter assumes the force of becomes law when it is approved by more than half the registered voters in of the relevant government jurisdiction in each of two successive elections conducted by the Electoral Trust. elections. If such initiative the amendment is approved in the first election, the a second ratification election shall occur no earlier than six months and no later than a year after, after the first election. An initiative that enacts, modifies or repeals a statute law assumes becomes the force of law when approved by more than half the registered voters participating in an election conducted by of the Electoral Trust relevant government jurisdiction who participate in the relevant jurisdiction. election.
The effective date of an initiative, if not otherwise specified in the initiative, shall be forty-five days after certification of its enactment by the Electoral Trust.
No court shall have the power to enjoin any initiative election except on grounds of fraud. After an a statutory initiative has been enacted into statute law, courts, when requested, may determine the constitutionality of the law. Courts have no power to adjudicate initiatives that amend the United States Constitution.
The Sponsor of an initiative may withdraw an initiative from further consideration and processing at any time prior to a deadline established by the Electoral Trust.
UNITED STATES ELECTORAL TRUST. CITIZENS TRUST
The Electoral Citizens Trust shall administer the Democracy Amendment and the Democracy Citizens Legislative Procedures Act. The Electoral Trust shall be governed by a Board of Trustees and a Director. The Electoral Trust shall take advantage of contemporary technology in carrying out its mission. The activities of the Electoral Trust shall be transparent to the public.
The Electoral Trust shall impartially administer the Democracy Amendment and the Democracy Citizens Legislative Procedures Act, including the legislative procedures herein, so as to facilitate the exercise of the citizens’ legislative power. role. The Electoral Trust shall ensure that citizens may file, qualify and vote on initiatives relevant to any government jurisdiction at any time and from any location. The Electoral Trust shall neither influence the outcome of any initiative, nor alter the substance of any initiative, except as specified in Section 3.I, "Deliberative Committee". 3.I. The Trust may promulgate regulations to more fully meet its responsibilities under this Act.
Board of Trustees.
The Board of Trustees shall establish policy for and perform oversight of the Electoral Trust.
The Board of Trustees shall include be composed of 53 members: one member elected by the majority of citizens who are registered voters of each of the 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico and the Territories of the United States. Elections of Trustees may use rank-order voting to avoid runoff elections.
Term of Office.
Members of the Board of Trustees shall serve a single four year term term, except for the interim Board of Trustees as follows: Immediately after the first election, the members shall be divided as equally as possible into two classes. The seats of the members of the first class shall be vacated at the expiration of the second year; the seats of the members of the second class shall be vacated at the expiration of the fourth year.
Removal Of Trustees.
Any member of the Board of Trustees shall be removed from office upon a three-fourths vote of the full membership of the Board of Trustees, or by a majority of the voters participating in a recall election in the political jurisdiction from which the member was elected.
Vacancies on the Board of Trustees shall be filled by majority vote of the full membership of the Board of Trustees on candidates who shall represent the political jurisdiction of the Trustee whose seat is vacant. A member appointed to fill a vacancy shall may not subsequently be elected to the Board of Trustees.
The Board of Trustees shall meet at least annually and at such other times and in such places as it deems appropriate to conduct its business. All meetings of the Board shall be publicized in advance and open to the public, except as required by law. The Electoral Trust shall promptly publish the minutes and video audio visual recordings of all meetings of the Board, except as required by law.
The members Board of the Trustees.
An Interim Board, Board of Trustees is hereby appointed, are appointed composed of the highest elected official (e.g., Lieutenant Governor, Secretary of State) responsible for the conduct of elections from each of the fifty states and Puerto Rico and the highest official responsible for the conduct of elections from the District of Columbia and the Territories of the United States. The responsibility and authority of this initial Interim Board shall be confined to establishing policy and oversight for the lifetime registration of each citizen of the United States eligible to vote on an initiative, and establishing policy and oversight for the election of the members of the Board of Trustees.
The Director of the Electoral Trust is the Chief Executive Officer of the Electoral Citizens Trust and is responsible for its day-to-day management and operations, consistent with the policies of the Act and those established by the Board of Trustees. The Director shall facilitate the conduct of the first election of the Board of Trustees as soon as possible.
Term of Office.
The Director, except for the first Director, shall be appointed by majority vote of the Board of Trustees. The Director shall serve for a single term of six years. years and is limited to an additional six-year term. The Board of Directors of
shall appoint the first Director.
Removal Of Director.
The Director shall may be removed from office upon a three-fourths two-thirds vote of the full membership of the elected Board of Trustees, or by a majority of the voters participating in a national recall election.
A vacancy in the position of Director shall be filled by majority vote of the full membership of the Board of Trustees . Trustees.
Oath or Affirmation of Office.
Each Member of the Board of Trustees, the Interim Board, Board of Trustees, the Director and each employee of the Electoral Trust shall execute the following oath or affirmation of office as a condition of his or her service: "I, (name), (swear or affirm) that I will, to the best of my ability, defend and uphold the Constitution of the United States and the sovereign authority of the People to exercise their legislative power."
Organization and Responsibilities.
The Electoral Trust shall staff and organize itself to fulfill its mission and shall develop policies, procedures and regulations to register citizens upon their becoming for life as they become eligible to vote, to assist sponsors in preparing initiatives for qualification, to process initiatives, to administer initiative elections and to administer elections and recall elections of the Board of Trustees and recall elections of the Director. The Electoral Trust may select and contract for facilities and services, hire staff, and prescribe staff their duties and compensation. The Electoral Trust may also apply for and receive funds, and incur debt when necessary, and shall act in a responsible manner as a an independent fiduciary agency of the People. agency.
In fulfilling its responsibilities and performing its duties, the Electoral Trust shall comply with applicable laws and regulations of every government jurisdiction of the United States in which it operates that do not conflict with its mission defined in Section 4A, "Mission". 4 A. Where laws are in conflict, this Democracy Citizens Legislative Procedures Act shall supersede.
The Electoral Trust shall develop requirements, facilities and procedures for universal lifetime voter registration of citizens of the United States which shall be binding binding, in elections conducted under the authority of the Democracy Citizens Amendment and this Act Act, in every government jurisdiction in which a voter is, or may become, a legal resident.
Research and Drafting Service.
The Electoral Trust shall establish and operate a legislative research and drafting service to assist citizens in preparing initiatives.
The Electoral Trust shall establish the means, procedures and regulations to facilitate the communication of timely, comprehensive, balanced, and pertinent information on the subject matter a pool of registered voters, in each initiative, which information shall be conveyed to the citizens government jurisdiction, qualified as having some level of civic knowledge from which can be randomly drawn members for the relevant Deliberative Committees that are convened for each qualified initiative. Selected pools should demographically represent the government jurisdiction by various media, including radio, television, print, and the Internet and/or other electronic media. The Electoral be equally divided between men and women.
The Trust shall establish and maintain a web site for each qualified initiative that will contain, at a minimum, a summary of the Hearing Record, the report of the Deliberative Committee, means, procedures, facilities and regulations to facilitate the result communication of the Legislative Advisory Vote, statements prepared by the Sponsor, other proponents and opponents, timely, comprehensive, balanced, and a balanced analysis prepared by pertinent information on the Electoral Trust subject matter of each initiative. This information shall be conveyed to the pros and cons citizens of the initiative, its societal, environmental, relevant government jurisdiction by electronic means and economic implications, costs various media, including radio, television, print, and benefits. the Internet.
Hearings and Deliberative Committees.
The Electoral Trust shall organize a Hearing to receive testimony and shall convene a Deliberative Committee to deliberate on each qualified initiative. The Electoral Trust shall provide or arrange for professional Hearing Officers and Deliberation Facilitators, technical consultants and support staff and facilities facilities, as needed for the effective conduct of Hearings and Committee activities.
Election of Initiatives and Board of Trustees.
The Electoral Trust shall devise and administer policies and procedures to conduct elections of initiatives, of the Board of Trustees, and for the recall of any Trustee or the Director. In doing so, it shall take advantage of contemporary technology in developing procedures for voting and validating votes. Elections need not be confined to one day and may be conducted twenty four hours a day for seven days. All such policies and procedures shall be neutral with respect to the content of initiatives administered and the outcomes outcome of elections conducted. the election.
Budgets covering all elements of the Electoral Trust’s operations and activities shall be prepared and published consistent with government practices and the public nature of the Electoral Trust’s responsibilities.
The People hereby authorize the appropriation of funds is hereby authorized from the Treasury of the United States, pursuant to Article I, Section 9(7) 9 (7) of the Constitution of the United States Constitution, States, to enable the Electoral Trust to
organize itself, repay debts herein described, and begin the performance of its duties. Debts to be repaid under this Section are those incurred by Philadelphia II, the proceeds of which were used to pay the costs of preparing for for, conducting, and conducting verifying the ballots of the election for the enactment of the National Citizens Initiative for Democracy, which Democracy: the fundamental law encompassing the Citizens Amendment and the Citizens Legislative Procedures Act. The costs shall include, but shall not be limited to, to: the production cost of ballots, printing, mail, print and electronic communications, communications including the Internet, and Internet; services in support of for the election conducted by Philadelphia II, II; and related costs such as the cost of the legal defense of Philadelphia II’s operations, operations; all of which shall have been audited and certified as bona fide by the Electoral Trust prior to repayment. Hereafter, appropriations shall be made annually to the Electoral Trust as an independent agency of the United States Government.
In the event that any one or more of the provisions of this Act shall for any reason be held to be invalid as a result of judicial action, the remaining provisions of this Act shall be unimpaired.
ENACTMENT BY THE PEOPLE.
Philadelphia II shall present a ballot to Citizens Legislative Procedures Act begins with the citizens phrase "Be It Enacted By The Citizens Of The United States." The phrase "Citizens of the United States for their legislative decision on States" differs from the enactment terminology employed in the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence to identify Americans as "We, the People." Citizens, who enacted the National Citizens Initiative for Democracy Democracy, did so by direct contact, mail, print, Internet and/or other media. Regardless of the media through which they are presented and transmitted, all ballots shall provide for entry of the following information:
Citizens registered to vote in any government jurisdiction within Constitution under Article 7, which created the United States may participate in the election for the National Initiative by executing government, required a ballot such as described above and conveying it majority of delegates to Philadelphia II. The Amendment shall have been ratified and ratify the Constitution in nine state conventions.
The National Citizens Initiative for Democracy Act enacted when Philadelphia II has received is a number of affirmative votes greater than half fundamental law creating the total number "Legislature of government-validated votes cast in the presidential election occurring immediately prior People" providing citizens with procedures to this election’s certification by amend the President of Philadelphia II Constitution and enact laws, procedures that the constitutional Framers failed to provide for in the government Constitution of the United States, provided that the number of affirmative votes exceeds the number of negative votes received by Philadelphia II at that time.
States in 1787.
- Plan, manage and execute the operations of an organization in accordance with governing policy, organizational regulations and pertinent constitutional and statute law.
- A legislative act of the U.S. House of Representatives approved by the Senate transferring public funds from the United States Treasury, in accordance with Article I, Section 9(7) of the Constitution.
Authorization (an appropriation)
- A legislative act to empower or give necessary authority to make an appropriation of public funds by the Congress from the United States Treasury.
A document listing alternatives to be voted on or questions to be answered, along with other pertinent information. In this context, the ballot requests a simple "Yes" or "No" vote on the National Initiative for Democracy, plus information allowing verification of the voter’s registration status together with data that can be used to contact the voter to confirm that his or her vote was accurately recorded.
- An itemized summary of anticipated income and intended expenditures for a specified period of time.
- An operation or related set of operations pursued to accomplish a political purpose. In this context context, it refers to all of the activities conducted by any citizen or group of citizens together with all the resources applied by them to the goal of enacting or defeating an initiative.
To confirm formally as to the truth, accuracy, or genuineness; to guarantee as having met a standard. In this context:
- A document that has been ratified by the people effected to establish and define the fundamental powers and privileges of a governing body for a municipality, county or other corporation.. local government entity.
- Chief Executive Officer
- The executive with ultimate responsibility and authority to plan, manage and conduct the operations of an organization; organization including the appointment of subordinate managers, hiring of employees, contracting for services, and undertaking or overseeing all other activities necessary to fulfill the mission of the organization subject to policies and guidelines established by the governing board of the organization or other superior authority.
- A person entitled by birth or naturalization to the protection of a state or nation; in particular, one entitled to vote and enjoy other rights and privileges.
- To force to act in a certain way by use of pressure, threats, threat, or intimidation.
- Deliberation Facilitator
- A professional in group processes and the effective conduct of meetings who is made available employed by the Electoral Trust to assist the citizen members of a Deliberative Committee in the conduct of their deliberations.
In this context, the
The entire process, process and the infrastructure supporting that process, process by which votes are cast and tabulated to determine determine: whether or not an initiative has been approved or rejected by the voters; or the process by which votes are cast and tabulated to determine the membership of the Board of Trustees of the Electoral Trust. Trustees.
- File (an initiative)
An initiative is filed when the Sponsor submits the
The act of submitting an initiative by its Sponsors to the Electoral Trust for approval of its Title and Summary. Trust.
- Government (local, state or national)
- A governing body that is defined by and draws its authority from the will of the People as defined in a constitution constitution, a charter or charter. in law.
- Government Jurisdiction
- A geographic area subject to governance by a representative government having a legislative body. body, an executive and a judiciary. In this context, national, national; state, county or equivalent (e.g., parish), municipality (e.g., cities and towns), commonwealth (i.e., (e.g., Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, Puerto Rico) and Rico), Trust Territory (i.e., (e.g., American Samoa, Guam and Virgin Islands), plus and the District of Columbia — Columbia; county or equivalent (e.g., parish); and municipality (e.g., cities and towns) are the specific jurisdictions referred to and included under the Democracy Citizens Legislative Procedures Act.
In this context, to
To lead or move, as to a course of action, move by promise of reward or consideration. consideration to a course of action.
A legislative instrument chosen by the voting citizens of the United States to exercise their the inherent power of the People to enact or modify any governmental policy, law, charter, or constitution; as set forth in the Democracy Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. constitution.
- Initiative Process
An infrastructure and deliberative procedures by which legislation may be introduced and enacted directly by the people.
See "Government Jurisdiction." citizens.
- One who makes or enacts laws. In this context, either a member of an elected legislative body such as the Congress, a state legislature, or a city council; council, or a citizen eligible to vote in the Legislature "Legislature of the People. People" created by the National Citizens Initiative for Democracy.
- A legislative resolution constitutional amendment, statute, ordinance or statute law produced resolution enacted by a legislature. legislative body.
- Legislative Advisory Vote
- A legally non-binding vote required by the Democracy Act to be taken by the representative legislative body of the government same jurisdiction affected by an as the initiative, in which the members of the elected legislature publicly vote yea or nay on the initiative. Serves This serves as an advisory or cue to the citizens.
An elected group of individuals having the power to create, amend and repeal laws together with the policies, procedures and infrastructure established by and under a governing constitution or charter.
A formal expression of the opinion or "will" of a legislative body.
- An officially elected or otherwise selected body of people vested with the responsibility and power to make enact laws for a political unit, such as a locality, state or nation.
- Legislature of the People
- The body of citizens who are eligible to vote in an election conducted by the Electoral Citizens Trust, which administers the policies, procedures and infrastructure established by and under the authority of the Democracy Citizen Amendment and the Democracy Citizens Legislative Procedures Act.
- National Citizens Initiative
- Short title for the National Citizens Initiative For for Democracy.
- National Citizens Initiative for Democracy
The Democracy Citizens Amendment to the Constitution of the United States and the Democracy Act, packaged
together for concurrent presentation to the citizens of the United States in a national election to be conducted by Philadelphia II.
Opponent (of an initiative)
Any person who attempts, by any action, including but not limited to the contribution of funds, services, or other resources to be used for the creation or dissemination of information, to advocate that a qualified initiative be defeated at election. United States and the Citizens Legislative Procedures Act packaged together.
In this context, a
A document in which registered voters in sufficient numbers indicate that they wish the opportunity to vote on the subject of an initiative to be qualified and thereby qualify the initiative for election. Petitions may be hard copy or electronic documents, and may be signed manually or electronically.
- Philadelphia II
A California registered nonprofit corporation under Section 501(C)4 Internal Revenue Service code conducting the election for the National Initiative. Citizens Initiative for Democracy.
In this context, a validated
A sampling of registered voters in which the respondents indicate whether or not they wish the opportunity to vote on the subject of an initiative to be qualified and thereby qualify it for election.
- Polling Plan
- A document that describes the number and source of respondents; the method by which the respondents for a poll will be drawn; how the data will be collected, tabulated and presented; and how the question(s) on the poll will be worded. The Electoral Trust may require a polling plan to include such additional information as will permit it to carry out its responsibility to determine if the planned poll will accurately reflect the views of the citizens in the government jurisdiction affected by corresponding to the initiative addressed by the proposed poll.
Proponent (of an initiative)
Any person who attempts, by any action, including but not limited
The qualification of an initiative is a process to ascertain that a sufficient number of citizens are interested in voting on the contribution subject of funds, services, or other resources an initiative to be used for warrant the creation or dissemination expense of information, to advocate that a qualified holding an initiative be enacted at election.
Qualify (an initiative)
To qualify for election an initiative must meet criteria established
An act approving a constitution, charter, or amendment thereto by the Democracy Act, thereby enabling the Electoral Trust to begin the processing constituency of the initiative that leads to its enactment or defeat government jurisdiction in an election by registered voters. question.
A recall election is an initiative election, the text of approval by which constitutes a sovereign authority. statement that a given elected or appointed government official is relieved of his or her service.
- Registered Voter
In this context, any
Any citizen of the United States who is at least 18 years old, who has registered once in his or her lifetime, is not imprisoned in prison for a felony, and who has not been classified as "incompetent" by a court, provided that he or she has not renounced or otherwise given up citizenship in the United States citizenship. States.
- Signature, Electronic
- "Electronic signature" is a generic, technology-neutral term that refers to the result of any of the various methods by which one can "sign" an electronic document. Examples of electronic signatures include: a digitized image of a handwritten signature, a secret code or personal identification number (PIN) (such such as are used with ATM cards and credit cards) cards or a unique biometrics-based identifier, such as a fingerprint or a retinal scan. The Electoral Trust will specify and/or implement electronic signature technology to be used by voters who choose to submit ballots or petitions signed electronically.
- Signature, Manual
- A person’s name or equivalent mark written in the person’s own handwriting. by that person.
- When used as a noun: one who, singly or in the company with of others, possesses supreme authority in a nation or other governmental unit. When used as an adjective: self-governing; independent; self-governing, independent, and possessing highest authority and in a government jurisdiction.
- A person, citizen or a group of individually identified people, citizens responsible for the submission of an initiative to the Electoral Trust for qualification and processing.
- Statute Law
- An enactment by a legislative body, e.g., laws, resolutions and ordinances.
The People of the United States
The introductory phrase of the Democracy Act begins with the phrase "Be It Enacted By The People Of The United States." In this context the term "People of the United States" is used for consistency with our Constitution and Declaration of Independence.
- In general usage: free from guile; guile, candid, open and easily understood. In this context, the term "transparent" refers to the fact that the workings and products of the Electoral Citizens Trust are to be continuously public; public, that is, open to inspection and review by the citizenry except as may be required by law.